Postulates a Planck unit Mathematical Universe Hypothesis based on 3 quantitites; M (mass), T (time), Q (the sqrt of momentum; Omega Ω

The fundamental physical constants and the 5 SI units; M-kg, L-m, T-s, A-ampere (charge), K=Kelvin (temperature) are redefined in terms of this MTQα. For example;

Natural MTQ:

M = 1 (mass)

T = 2pi (time)

Q = Ω (sqrt of momentum)

SI (Planck unit) equivalent:

M = m

T = t

Q = 1.019113411... (sqrt of Planck momentum)

This site is divided into 4 parts;

1. solves the fundamental physical constants as geometry of M, L, Q

2. the electron as a magnetic monopole. Formula for a magnetic monopole used to solve electron frequency. Suggests Planck unit theory.

3. the 4 forces as physical orbitals (physcial waves of momentum akin to photons). Replaces the 4 fundamental forces with physical orbitals as units of momentum.

4. the cosmological constant and a black-hole white-hole universe. Suggests our universe is not a closed system but has a corresponding twin. Cosmological constant defines universe age when CMB temperature reaches absolute zero.

The above is condensed from the book "Platos Cave: a model of the universe in terms of the geometry of momentum", read chapter 1.2 online.

**Part 1: Postulates a Planck unit Mathematical Universe Hypothesis**

From M, T, Q, alpha (above) we may construct formulas for G, h, e, m_{e}, k_{B}... (see online calculator);

From either a natural M, L, Q or the SI Planck unit M, L, Q we may solve the formula for the electron frequency f

For further discussion (and online calculator) to calculator....

For a complete discussion, download paper: updated December 2014

Planck unit Mathematical Universe Hypothesis

**Part 2: Electron as a standing wave magnetic monopole**

Proposes a formula for a magnetic monopole (quark) from Planck time t_{p}, -e, -c and alpha.
Uses this monopole to solve the mass of the electron and the Rydberg constant. Results consistent with CODATA 2010.
read more...

download paper: Spherical electron as magnetic monopole

**Part 3: GUT Unified Field Theory: the 4 forces as physical standing wave orbitals**

Replaces the 4 fundamental forces (strong, electric, gravity) with standing wave orbitals (wave functions are treated as
physical waves, essentially photons albiet of opposite phase).
This offers a rationale for the empty space within an atom, how electrons jump between orbitals in the atom,
what is gravitational potential and kinetic energy, quantum entanglement, the relationship between nuclear binding
energy, ionisation energy and escape velocity...

download paper:
Unified Field Theory of Anti-photon Orbitals (nuclear, atomic, molecular, gravitational)

The online gravitational wave calculator calculates gravitational wave frequencies for a 1kg object lifted to height h.
to calculator...

**Part 4: Cosmological constant and expanding black-hole universe with contracting white-hole universe twin**

Proposes an expanding rotating charged black-hole universe with a contracting white-hole universe twin. Units of Planck momentum
are transferred in discrete steps from the white-hole universe to our black-hole universe. Derives mass domain parameters from 3-D sphere volume and charge (electromagnetic) domain parameters (i.e.:Stefan-Boltzmann constant) from 4-D sphere surface area.
Offers solution to CMB (cosmic microwave background) mass density, radiation energy density and temperature.

The online calculator demonstrates this relationship
to calculator...

download paper: Time, Dark Energy and the Black-hole White-hole Universe

Nobel laureate Leon Lederman once wrote:

'My ambition is to see all physics reduced to a formula so elegant and simple that it will fit on a T-shirt'

Copyright (C) © 2003 to present, Malcolm Macleod

email: maclem @ planckmomentum.com

All rights are reserved.

Formulas listed on this site may be freely used for non-commercial purposes with proper credit to www.planckmomentum.com